In March 2020, Congress passed the $2 trillion relief package “Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act” (CARES Act) to provide emergency assistance for individuals, families, and businesses affected by the coronavirus pandemic. Among other provisions, the CARES Act made accessing a retirement saver’s qualified plan balances easier and less costly.
Through December 2020, individuals can take a coronavirus-related distribution (CRD) from their 401(k) account of 100% of their account balances (up to $100,000) without incurring the usual 10% penalty. Not only that, the CARES Act has allowed individuals up to three years to pay the taxes owed on the withdrawal, softening what otherwise could be a major tax blow. The act also permits repayment of the withdrawal to the plan (if the plan allows it) or an IRA to avoid taxes.